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Al Gore Concisus Genus
Albert Gore Jr. was the 45th vice president of the U.S. in the Democratic administration of Bill Clinton. In the 2000 presidential election, one of the most controversial elections in American history, Gore won the nationwide popular vote over George W. Bush by more than 500,000 votes but narrowly lost in the electoral college, 271–266, the first inversion of the electoral and popular vote since 1888. In 2007 Gore was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for his efforts to raise awareness about global warming. Born in 1948, the son of a Democratic congressman and senator from Tennessee, Gore graduated from Harvard in 1969 and enlisted in the army, serving in the Vietnam War as a military reporter from 1969 through 1971. He then became a reporter for The Tennessean, a newspaper based in Nashville. While working (1971–76) for that paper, Gore also studied philosophy and law at Vanderbilt. Gore won election to the House of Representatives in 1976 and was reelected three times before winning a seat in the Senate in 1984. In 1988 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination. Gore was reelected to the Senate in 1990. In 1992 he was chosen by Clinton, the Democratic presidential nominee, to be his running mate, and Gore became vice president when Clinton defeated Republican incumbent George Bush in the 1992 presidential election. Gore and Clinton were reelected in 1996. He announced his candidacy for presidency in June 1999. A moderate Democrat, his campaign focused on the economy, health care, and education. On issues that were controversial, Gore supported the Democratic Party's platform, favoring abortion rights for women and greater restrictions on guns, but he broke with the party's traditional stance on the death penalty, which he supported. Gore favored strong measures to protect the environment; his ideas on this issue were set out in his book Earth in the Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit (1992). After easily winning the Democratic nomination, Gore trailed in most public opinion polls until his selection of a vice presidential running mate, Senator Joseph Lieberman, who became the first Jewish American on a national presidential ticket. As the campaign progressed, the polls remained close. When the votes were counted on election night, it became clear that the election would turn on the outcome in Florida, whose 25 electoral votes would give the winner of that state a narrow majority in the electoral college. For five weeks, the election remained unresolved as Florida state and federal courts weighed arguments by the Bush and Gore campaigns. Eventually, Gore won a controversial 4–3 victory in the Florida Supreme Court, which ordered a statewide manual recount of 45,000 undervotes. The Bush campaign quickly filed an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court which issued a controversial 5–4 decision to reverse the Florida Supreme Court's recount order, effectively awarding the presidency to Bush. Gore subsequently devoted much of his time to environmental issues. He discussed global warming in the 2006 documentary An Inconvenient Truth and in its companion book. The film won an Academy Award for best documentary. In 2007, he received an Emmy Award for creative achievement in interactive television for Current TV, a user-generated-content channel he co-founded in 2005.