Discontinued, Limited Supply Available!
Discontinued ~ Limited Supply Available!
Alexander Graham Bell Concisus Genus
Alexander Graham Bell is best known as the inventor of the telephone. Born in 1847 in Edinburgh, he was the second of three sons, all of whom were trained in the family profession of elocution and speech correction. His early achievements on behalf of the deaf and his invention of the telephone before his 30th birthday bear testimony to the thoroughness of his training. Alexander had little formal education outside of the home. Apart from one year at a private school, two years at Edinburgh's Royal High School (from which he graduated at 14), and attendance at a few university lectures, he was largely self-taught. His first professional post was at a school where he instructed children in both music and elocution, thus beginning professionally as he would continue through life - as a teacher-scientist. In 1868 he became his father's assistant in London and assumed full charge while the senior Bell lectured in America. The shock of the sudden death of his older brother from tuberculosis, which had also struck down his younger brother, prompted the family's move to Brantford, Ontario in 1870. Here, Bell showed, using his father's system, that speech could be taught to the deaf. In 1872 he opened his own school in Boston for training teachers of the deaf, and in 1873 he became professor of vocal physiology at Boston University. Never adept with his hands, Bell had the good fortune to discover and inspire Thomas Watson, a young repair mechanic and model maker, who assisted him in devising an apparatus for transmitting sound by electricity. In 1876, the United States Patent Office granted Bell a patent. He continued his experiments in communication, culminating in the invention of the photophone which transmitted sound on a beam of light. In 1880 France honored Bell with the Volta Prize, and the 50,000 francs financed the Volta Laboratory, where Bell invented the Graphophone, presenting a practical approach to sound recording. Bell's share of the royalties financed the Volta Bureau and the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf. In 1893, Bell’s 13-year-old prodigy, Helen Keller, participated in the ground-breaking ceremonies for the new Volta Bureau building—today an international information center relating to the oral education of the deaf. In 1898 Bell succeeded his father-in-law as president of the National Geographic Society. Convinced that geography could be taught through pictures, he sought to promote an understanding of life in distant lands in an age when travel was limited to a privileged few. Gilbert Grosvenor, his future son-in-law, transformed a modest pamphlet into a unique educational journal reaching millions worldwide. As interest in flight increased in the early 20th century, Bell experimented with giant man-carrying kites. His wife, Mabel Hubbard Bell, founded the Aerial Experiment Association, the first research organization established and endowed by a woman. Throughout his life, Bell entered new subjects of investigation, such as sonar detection, solar distillation, and hydrofoil craft, one of which attained a speed record of 70 miles per hour in 1919. The range of his inventive genius is represented only in part by the 18 patents granted in his name alone and the 12 he shared with his collaborators. Bell died at his residence in Nova Scotia in 1922, at age 75.