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Chief Joseph - Harmony Ball - Jules Enchanting Gifts

Chief Joseph

$ 15.00


Discontinued, Limited Supply Available!

Interior: Dove - Known as a Peacemaker

Discontinued ~ Limited Supply Available!

Chief Joseph Hagiography
 
Born in 1840 in present-day Oregon, Joseph was chief of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce Indians and was a renowned humanitarian and peacemaker. His father, Chief Joseph the Elder, was initially hospitable to white men, but when they began to appropriate Indian lands, tensions grew. An influx of settlers caused by the Gold Rush of the 1860s led the government to ask the Nez Perce to accept a new, much smaller reservation. Joseph the Elder refused to sign the treaty, but when Joseph succeeded his father in 1871, he made many concessions in the hope of securing peace. In 1873, Joseph negotiated with the federal government, ensuring that his people could stay in the Wallowa Valley. But in 1877, the government reversed its policy, threatening to attack if they didn’t relocate to the Idaho Reservation with other Nez Perce. Joseph reluctantly agreed. But after a young Nez killed four white men, war was inevitable. Hoping to avoid bloodshed, Joseph led his people north toward Canada. With 2000 US soldiers in pursuit, Joseph and 800 Nez Perce traveled 1700 miles, out-maneuvering their pursuers. Less than 40 miles south of Canada, with 200 of his followers already dead, Joseph surrendered. He was promised a safe return home for his people, but instead they were taken to a reservation in present day Oklahoma where many died of disease. In 1879, Joseph went to Washington, DC to meet with President Hayes, and finally, in 1885, the Nez Perce were allowed to return to the Pacific Northwest. Joseph continued to lead his people, maintaining friendly relations with his white neighbors. In his last years, Joseph spoke eloquently against the injustice of the US policies toward Native Americans. An indomitable voice of conscience, he died, still in exile from his original homeland, in 1904.