Ernest Hemingway Hagiography
Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois in 1899 to a physician father and homemaker mother. In 1917 he left his job as a reporter to serve as a volunteer ambulance driver in Italy during WWI, where he was severely wounded. After the war he settled in Paris and was encouraged by American expatriate writers Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein. Hemingway later lived in Key West, Florida and traveled in Spain and Africa. He worked as a newspaper correspondent during both the Spanish Civil War and World War II. Hemingway's earliest works include the collection of short stories In Our Time (1924), which reflects his experiences as a youth in the woods of Michigan. The novel that established Hemingway's reputation was The Sun Also Rises (1926), the story of a group of expatriate Americans and Britons living in France, members of the “lost generation” of the post-WWI period. His second major novel was A Farewell to Arms (1929), a love story set in wartime Italy. Hemingway wrote detached descriptions of action, using simple language to capture precise scenes, without authorial viewpoint. His plain style contributed to the decline of the elaborate Victorian-era prose of much American writing in the early 20th century. In the late 1930s Hemingway began to express concern about social problems. His novel To Have and Have Not (1937) condemned economic and political injustices. The novel For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) portrays the conflict of the Spanish Civil War. In 1952 Hemingway published The Old Man and the Sea, for which he won the 1953 Pulitzer Prize. In 1954 Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature, seven years before his death by suicide in 1961.