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Frederick Douglass - Harmony Ball - Jules Enchanting Gifts

Frederick Douglass

$ 15.00


Discontinued, Limited Supply Available!

Interior: Constellation w/ North Star - For his abolitionist newspaper, "The North Star"

Frederick Douglass Synopsis Breviate
 
Frederick Douglass was an American abolitionist, orator, and writer who escaped slavery and urged others to do likewise before and during the American Civil War. He was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Tuckahoe, Maryland, the son of a slave and an unidentified white man. At age eight, he was sent to Baltimore to be the slave of Sophia and Hugh Auld. Sophia had never owned slaves and began to teach Douglass to read until her husband told her it was against the law. However, Douglass continued to read and study. As a teenager, he opened a secret Sunday school and taught slaves to read. Working in a shipyard in Baltimore, Douglass met many free African-Americans, including his future wife, Anna Murray. They planned his escape, traveling north by train and arriving in New York City. In order to make himself more difficult to trace, he changed his last name twice, finally settling on Douglass. Douglass and Murray were married in 1838, moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, and later had five children. In 1841, he met William Lloyd Garrison, editor of the anti-slavery newspaper “The Liberator”, and began working for him. A few years later, in 1845, Douglass published an autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. Still in danger of being caught, Douglass left for England, speaking about the evils of slavery. While he was there, some of his English friends bought his freedom, allowing him to return to the US a free man. Upon his return in 1847, he began his own newspaper, “The North Star”. Douglass spoke out for women's rights and against racial inequality. His house was a stop on the Underground Railroad. He helped recruit black soldiers for the Union Army during the Civil War, and he met President Lincoln after the Thirteenth Amendment was passed. Later in life, he authored two more books, My Bondage and My Freedom, in 1855, and The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, in 1881. He was named marshal of Washington, D.C. in 1877, recorder of deeds in 1881, and consul-general to Haiti in 1889. At the end of his life, Douglass spoke out against violence and lynching of African-Americans in the South. He died of a heart attack in 1895.