Vincent van Gogh Concisus Genus
Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh was born in 1853, the son of a minister. He left school at 15 and went to work for his uncle, an art dealer. Good at his job, he was transferred to London, where he fell in love with his landlady's daughter. His love was unrequited and his work suffered, so he returned to Holland to begin theological studies and was later assigned to a ministerial post in Belgium. Here Vincent gave away all of his food and clothing to the poor miners; starving, he was let go. Rejected by love and now by religion, van Gogh decided to become an artist. He moved to Paris in 1886 to live with his brother Theo, an art dealer. Here he acquainted himself with the works of Monet and Degas, was inspired by Japanese prints, and befriended Paul Gauguin. In 1888 he moved to the South of France to set up an artist's colony with Gauguin. Brightening his palette and simplifying his design, this was Van Gogh’s most productive period when he created 200 paintings in 15 months. His famous work The Sunflowers is from this time. When Gauguin arrived, he and Van Gogh argued violently, Gauguin left, and Vincent cut off his ear in a fit of remorse. On July 27, 1890 he shot himself, passing away two days later with Theo at his side. He was hailed by the new generation of Expressionist artists as a founding force. Van Gogh’s artistic career lasted a short ten years yet he created 872 paintings, only one of which sold during his lifetime.